Climate of Greenville, Mississippi

Greenville, Mississippi, is a city located in the western part of the state, situated along the eastern bank of the Mississippi River. As the county seat of Washington County, Greenville experiences a humid subtropical climate with distinct seasons, including hot summers, mild winters, and ample rainfall. The city’s geographical location, proximity to the Mississippi River, and its position in the southeastern United States contribute to the climate patterns that residents and visitors encounter throughout the year.

Geographical Location: Greenville is positioned approximately 80 miles north of the state capital, Jackson. Its coordinates are approximately 33.4101° N latitude and 91.0618° W longitude. The city is situated in the Mississippi Delta, a fertile alluvial plain created by the deposition of sediment carried by the Mississippi River. The city’s location in the Delta region contributes to its agricultural significance and influences its climate. Check cities in Mississippi by population.

Climate Classification: Greenville falls under the classification of a humid subtropical climate. This type of climate is characterized by hot and humid summers, mild winters, and a relatively high level of precipitation throughout the year. The presence of the Mississippi River and the city’s location in the southeastern U.S. contribute to the subtropical influences on the climate.

Seasonal Overview:

  1. Summer (June-August): Summers in Greenville are hot and humid, with average high temperatures ranging from the upper 80s to the low 90s Fahrenheit. Heatwaves can bring temperatures well into the 90s or even exceed 100°F. Humidity levels are high, contributing to the sultriness of the season. Thunderstorms are common during the summer months, providing relief from the heat and contributing to the overall precipitation.
  2. Autumn (September-November): Autumn brings a gradual cooling of temperatures, with average highs starting in the upper 80s and gradually decreasing to the 60s and 70s by November. Fall foliage is not as prominent in the region compared to northern areas, but some deciduous trees may display colors of yellow and brown. The air becomes less humid, and precipitation levels are moderate.
  3. Winter (December-February): Winters in Greenville are mild, with average high temperatures ranging from the 50s to the 60s Fahrenheit. Nighttime temperatures rarely drop below freezing, contributing to the overall mildness of the season. While snowfall is rare, the region may experience occasional light dustings of snow or freezing rain. Winter is the driest season, with lower precipitation levels compared to other seasons.
  4. Spring (March-May): Spring is a transitional season characterized by warming temperatures. Average highs start in the 60s and progress to the 70s and 80s by May. Spring is a time of renewed growth, with blossoming trees and flowers. Precipitation levels increase, and the region experiences a mix of rain showers and occasional thunderstorms.

Climate Influences: The climate of Greenville is influenced by its location in the southeastern United States, the presence of the Mississippi River, and the city’s position in the Mississippi Delta. The city’s proximity to the Gulf of Mexico contributes to the humid conditions, while the Mississippi River and its deltaic plain influence local weather patterns.

Mississippi River Influence: The Mississippi River plays a significant role in shaping the climate of Greenville. The river, with its expansive delta, contributes to the overall humidity of the region. Additionally, the river’s proximity can influence local weather patterns, and the city may experience occasional fog, especially during the cooler months.

Deltaic Plain Impact: The flat and fertile deltaic plain in which Greenville is situated contributes to the agricultural significance of the region. The vast expanses of farmland and the absence of significant topographical features contribute to the relatively uniform climate experienced throughout the city and its surrounding areas.

Extreme Weather Events: Greenville, like many areas in the southeastern U.S., is susceptible to tropical weather systems, including hurricanes and tropical storms. While the city is inland, the remnants of tropical systems can bring heavy rainfall, strong winds, and the potential for flooding. Severe thunderstorms, with lightning, hail, and strong winds, are common during the warmer months.

Conclusion: Greenville, Mississippi, experiences a humid subtropical climate with distinct seasons, each contributing to the city’s overall climate profile. The hot and humid summers, mild winters, and transitional spring and fall seasons shape the weather patterns that residents and visitors encounter. The city’s location in the Mississippi Delta, with its flat and fertile plains, and its proximity to the Mississippi River, contribute to the unique climatic conditions of the region. Greenville’s climate not only influences the local environment but also plays a role in the region’s agricultural activities, contributing to the character and identity of this Delta city.

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