Peru in 21st Century

Peru in 21st Century

At the request of conservative parties, such as the “Popular Cristiano”, in the first semester of 2001 the presidential elections were held; those that have continued to be carried out every five years, without questioning at all the reign of neoliberlism established in the so-called Fujimori Constitution of 1993. Presidents Toledo, García and Ollanta have been characterized by their unrestricted respect for Fujimori’s economic policy and its prosecution n benefit of large companies and transnationals. And even more have been questioned Toledo, for corruption and García for drug indults, the first tried, but the second as well as the powerful Keiko Fujimori are immune from any investigation with tinterilles alibis and overlapping of a biased judiciary.

In 2001, Alejandro Toledo Manrique was the winner, who started an international campaign to extradite Fujimori that has culminated in his prosecution. Subsequently, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights determined that the Peruvian State was responsible, during the government of Alberto Fujimori, for the killings in La Cantuta and in a Lima prison.

According to Allcitycodes, the justice body indicated, in separate resolutions, that the case of the University of La Cantuta, where nine students and a professor died, was committed by the undercover military group Colina. He indicated that what happened was a crime against humanity that cannot go unpunished.

The Court’s decision also “annuls the sentences of the military jurisdiction” and allows “the re-initiation of proceedings against those responsible for the massacre,” among which the former adviser Vladimiro Montesinos is mentioned.

The Court also found the Peruvian State responsible for the death of 41 prisoners in a Lima jail in 1992.

Alejandro Toledo, after going through very low popularity rates due to denunciations of nepotism, was succeeded by former president Alan García Pérez in 2006, who also faced the low popularity that his term as president has gained; he was indicted for drug trafficking, which was blocked by judges in a congressional investigation; but the people in the 2016 elections sanctioned it with a very low 5%. Later, in the following electoral process, Ollanta Humala was elected as president, questioned by progressive sectors and not having taken steps in favor of the health and education of the People.

In the 2016 elections, two candidates from the right: Keiko and Kuczynski competed, in the so-called second round. Previously, they disembarked Morales, a friend of the Israeli government, [5] For administrative reasons in his internal party election, and to Acuña for giving a donation for a benefit of a young town and they did not withdraw it to Keiko, who for ten years has been giving gifts to the needy by the thousands and from where without working. The rebound of the left stands out, which later fractured, with its figure Verónica Mendoza, who did not reach second place due to the persistence of the dissident leftist Gregorio Santos. By a narrow margin of 40,000 votes, Pedro Pablo Kuczyinski, a lobbyist who still has American nationality, in addition to Peruvian, won. It is said that he wins, due to the recurring mania of the lesser evil and the Peruvian-Japanese Fujimori loses, because her general secretary, Joaquín Ramírez, is being investigated by DEA, for possible links with drug trafficking. In March 2018, PPK resigned due to the possible censorship that Keiko’s abusive majority armed him. Vizcarra has assumed the presidency. Keiko Fujimori is currently being detained by order of Judge Concepción. Alan García is under an order not to leave the country, although he tried asylum at the Uruguayan Embassy, which was denied by President Tabaré Vásquez.

The burning issues in Peru, dating from 2019, are corruption, drug trafficking, citizen insecurity and social inequality, criminal charges against all the presidents of this century and also the head of the right-wing movement, Keiko Fujimori. On December 9 there was a referendum on problems of administration of justice, parliamentary reelection, bicameralism. There is a sector of the people that asks for a new constitution.

  • A pressing problem is Venezuelan migration, encouraged and initiated by former President Kuczyinski, in his short term in office. A contingent of 800,000 Venezuelans, the population of Lima in 1950, has created social, labor and criminal problems: every week a Venezuelan is killed or a Venezuelan and her children are killed. [6] 

Currently, there is a crisis of government, as was experienced in the time of Sanchez Cerro, Busdamente and Rivero, Belaunde, in 2000 the fraud of Fujimori. Before the failure of neoliberalism, the people ask for a constituent assembly, rather than advance general elections.

Quinquennium 2016-2020

  • In 2016, the Peruvian-American citizen, Pedro Pablo Kuczinski, was elected president, who was the first foreign president to personally greet Donald Trump and allowed the migration of Venezuelans to Peru, which already reaches one million people. He resigned due to a possible accusation of corruption as minister of Toledo. The Popular Force would have denounced him and then approved his dismissal, in the Congress controlled by the Fujimori.
  • He was replaced by Pedro Pablo, in the presidency, Martín Vizcarra in 2018, he has proposed political changes and asked the congress to advance the general elections. Faced with the obstructionist stubbornness of the Congress – dominated by the Fujimori – and based on the second refusal of a vote of confidence – electing members of the Constitutional Court interestedly – the Congress closed on September 30, 2019. It is criticized by the corporate press for not hand over mining exploitation to transnational companies. The suppression of private universities that do not meet basic conditions is progressing: 35 to date.

Peru in 21st Century

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