Romania is a country in the southeast of Europe. Romania arose as a vassal state in 1859 as a result of the unification of the regions – Moldavia, Wallachia. And later, in 1918, Transylvania joined.
The capital is Bucharest. Religion – Orthodoxy. The population is 19 million. The official language is Romanian, akin to Latin. The alphabet is Latin. You can’t do without knowing a foreign language when traveling to Romania. Mostly in resorts, it is possible to communicate in English, French and German.
The national currency is the Romanian leu – RON. All payments in Romania – only in local currency. Approximate exchange rate: 2.7RON=1USD; 3,5RON=1EURO. It is recommended to exchange currency ONLY in exchange offices located in banks or hotels. In circulation are banknotes of 500, 200, 100, 50, 10, 5 and 1 lei, coins of 50, 10, 5 and 1 bani.
The time difference from Moscow is 1 hour ago.
Useful phone numbers
Embassy of Russia in Bucharest: +40-21-222-16-52
Consulate of Russia in Constanta: +40- 241-61-11-06
Country code +40
Bucharest(21), Constanta (241), Brasov( 268)
Telephone connection with Moscow: 007-495 further number
Telephone connection with other cities of Russia: 007-city code + number
According to healthvv, Romania borders on the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine in the north and east, Hungary in the north-west, Serbia in the south-west, in the south – with Bulgaria. In the southeast it is washed by the Black Sea -. In the south and east, river valleys, in the southwest, the territory of Romania is occupied by the Eastern and Southern Carpathians and the Transylvanian Uplands, which are adjoined from the west by the Pannonian, from the south – the Volosh lowlands, from the east by the Moldavian and Dobruzhskaya uplands.
Romania is located in south-central Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. Romania has been a full member of the European Union since 2007. It borders with Ukraine in the north and northeast, Serbia and Hungary in the west, Bulgaria in the south, Moldova in the northeast, and the natural eastern border is the Black Sea.
Romania is a modern European country with a rapidly developing tourist infrastructure. All Black Sea resort complexes of the country: Mamaia, Eforie Nord, Eforie Syd, Neptune, Olympus, Venus, Cap Aurora, Costinesti, Saturn, Mangalia are being modernized in accordance with the requirements of modern international tourism and have been awarded for the cleanliness of the sea and the organization of medical and health programs.
In the mountains of Romania – the Carpathians are the main ski resorts – Sinaia, Poiana Brasov, Predeal, Azuga, Vatra Dornei, Voynyasa. They are distinguished by a high level of service, the latest (built in the last 2-3 years) hotels, well-groomed slopes with slopes of varying difficulty and an extensive network of lifts.
And of course, the hallmark of Romania from the point of view of tourists are the famous castles of Transylvania – Bran, Peles and others, which are associated with the history of the country and the legend of Count Dracula.
The climate is temperate continental. In the summer months, the air temperature ranges from +22*С to +27*С, and the water temperature ranges from +17*С to +22*С. In winter, snow in Romania falls in mid-December and lasts until early April. The average air temperature during this period ranges from -5*С to +5*С, and the thickness of the snow cover is from 0.5 to 2 m.
Romania is located in the continental climate zone, characterized by cold winters and warm summers. The average annual temperature varies from +11*C in the south to +8*C in the north. Spring is characterized by cool nights and warm days. Summers are usually warm, the average maximum temperature in summer is +28*C, the average minimum temperature is +16*C. Winters are cold, the average maximum temperature ranges from +2*C in the plains to -15*C in the mountains.
Romania lies on the border of Central and Eastern Europe and the Balkan Peninsula, and for thousands of years the political and cultural influences of these three complexes have intersected on its territory.
Romania is characterized by an equal combination of mountainous, hilly and flat areas. The climate is continental – cold winters, warm summers.
Forests occupy 13% of the territory. Romania is one of the largest areas of undisturbed forests in Europe.
To visit Romania, Russian citizens need a visa since 2003, which requires: 1 color photo 3×4 for each tourist, including children entered in the passport, a passport valid for at least 3 months after the end of the trip, personal data (details – in VISA section). A visa for children under 15 years of age (inclusive) inscribed in a passport is issued cheaper than for their own passport. The deadline for issuing a visa is 10 days before the start of the trip.