Thebes, Greece

Thebes, Greece

The largest city of Boeotia, Thebes (in modern Greek pronunciation – “Thebe”) – the birthplace of Dionysus and Hercules, was an influential city-state in 400 BC. e. and occupied a strategic position between Northern Greece and the Peloponnese peninsula. Today, only a few archaeological sites testify to the former glory of Thebes. See Bridgat for climate and weather information of Greece.

In modern Thebes there is an archaeological museum, the remains of a Bronze Age citadel and a few more or less (actually – “less”) preserved ancient ruins. Nevertheless, Thebes still remains the largest city in Boeotia. During the Turkish rule, the city was in extreme decline and only before the First World War began to somehow revive. In 1906, archaeological excavations began here, which lasted more than 20 years; repeated studies began in the 1960s. It was then that the ancient fortress was discovered, which today is the main attraction of the city.

Greek Thebes should not be confused with Egyptian ones: the latter were the capital of Upper Egypt, and subsequently Karnak and Luxor were formed on their ruins.

How to get there

By bus from Athens (fare about 9 EUR, travel time 1 h 30 min) and Livadia (about 7 EUR, 45 min). Buses arrive at the central bus station of Thebes.

There are daily trains to Thebes from Athens (about 13 EUR and 60 minutes) and Thessaloniki (about 37 EUR, 3 hours).

Thebes is located on the E962 highway, 4 km south of the E75 junction.

History

After the Trojan War (12th century BC), Thebes becomes the dominant city of Boeotia. In 371 BC. e. Thebes come out victorious in the fight against the invincible Sparta. However, the glory of the city subsided when in 335, under the influence of false rumors about the death of Alexander the Great, Thebes rebelled against Macedonian rule. Alexander ravaged the city to the ground, 6 thousand Thebans died in a bloody battle, and another 30 thousand were taken prisoner.

Weather in Thebes

More than a third of the year in this region of Greece falls on sunny days. Summers are usually long and dry, while winters are mild and rainy with temperatures down to zero degrees.

Kitchen

In the city, you can look into numerous taverns, where they prepare mainly meat dishes; restaurants with Greek cuisine, as well as grill houses. Fast food chains are common – Goody’s and Everest. Locals mostly eat late in the evening between 9 and 12 am. During the day, most restaurants, taverns and grill houses are closed, but fast food restaurants are open throughout the day.

Entertainment and attractions of Thebes

In Thebes, the Archaeological Museum and the ruins of the ancient fortress of Cadmeus of the Bronze Age are noteworthy. The collection of the archaeological museum, one of the most famous in Greece, includes jewels found in Mycenaean palaces, as well as terracotta masks and decorated sarcophagi unique to mainland Greece. The exhibits were found during excavations in Boeotia and cover the period from the Paleolithic to the post-Byzantine period in the development of ancient Greek civilization. Unique, for example, are the cylinder seals from the Theban palace at Kadmeion. The opening hours of the Archaeological Museum can be found on the website, the entrance fee is 6 EUR in summer and 3 EUR in winter.

Thebes, Greece

 

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